Cell body reorganization in the spinal cord after surgery to trea sweaty palms and blushing

The amount of compensatory sweating depends on the patient, the damage that the white rami communicans incurs, and the amount of cell body reorganization in the spinal cord after surgery.
Other potential complications include inadequate resection of the ganglia, gustatory sweating, pneumothorax, cardiac dysfunction, post-operative pain, and finally Horner’s syndrome secondary to resection of the stellate ganglion.

After severing the cervical sympathetic trunk, the cells of the cervical sympathetic ganglion undergo transneuronic degeneration
After severing the sympathetic trunk, the cells of its origin undergo complete disintegration within a year.


Spinal cord infarction occurring during thoraco-lumbar sympathectomy
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1963;26:418-421 doi:10.1136/jnnp.26.5.418

Friday, May 1, 2015

chronic interference with β-adrenergic receptors (via either sympathectomy or β-blockade) on cardiac mast cell morphology/activation and on interstitial collagen deposition

In the present study we investigated the effects of chronic interference with β-adrenergic receptors (via either sympathectomy or β-blockade) on cardiac mast cell morphology/activation and on interstitial collagen deposition. In rats subjected to chemical sympathectomizy with the neuro- toxin 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) we observed a significant increase of mast cell density, and in particular of degranulat- ing mast cells, suggesting a close relationship between the cardiac catecholaminergicsystem and mast cell activation. In parallel, chronic 6-OHDA treatment was associated with increased collagen deposition. The influence of the β-adren- ergic receptor component was investigated in rats subjected to chronic propranolol administration, that caused a further significant increase in mast cell activation associated with a lower extent of collagen deposition when compared to chem- ical sympathectomy. These data are the first demonstration of a close relationship between rat cardiac mast cell activation and the catecholaminergic system, with a complex interplay with cardiac collagen deposition. Specifically, abrogation of the cardiac sympathetic efferent drive by chemical sympathectomy causes mast cell activation and interstitial fibrosis, possibly due to the local effects of the neurotoxin 6-hydroxy- dopamine. In contrast, β-adrenergic blockade is associated with enhanced mast cell degranulation and a lower extent of collagen deposition in the normal myocardium. In conclusion, cardiac mast cell activation is influenced by β-adrenergic influences. 

Correspondence: Rosanna Nano,
Department of Animal Biology, University of Pavia,

European Journal of Histochemistry
2006; vol. 50 issue 2 (Apr-Jun):133-140