INTRODUCTION: Palmar hyperhidrosis is characterized by an overactivity of the sympathetic fibers passing through T2 and T3 ganglia. Although endoscopic transthoracic sympathicotomy (ETS) is an effective treatment for palmar hyperhidrosis, the partial cardiac denervation that follows may cause impairment of cardiovascular function at rest and during exercise. The purpose of this study was to compare the cardiovascular response to exercise between patients with palmar hyperhidrosis and a normal control population, and to examine the effects of ETS on cardiovascular response in patients with palmar hyperhidrosis.
METHODS: After institutional approval and informed consent, 16 patients with palmar hyperhidrosis undergoing bilateral T2- T4 ETS and 10 healthy volunteers were studied. First, before ETS administration, heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), and serum catecholamine (SC) at rest were measured in the patient group and in normal subjects. Then, changes in HR, BP and SC as a result of isometric handgrip exercise (IHE) were measured in both groups. Finally, HR and BP at rest, changes in HR and BP as a result of general exercise (GE), and changes in HR, BP and SC as a result of IHE were measured in the patient group both one day before and one day after ETS was administered.RESULTS: Although there was no significant difference in HR and BP at rest between the patient group before ETS and normal subjects, the value of serum adrenaline in the patient group (0.6 ng/ml) was significantly lower than that in normal subjects (2.6 ng/ml, p<0.01). Changes in HR, BP and SC to IHE were similar in both groups before ETS. HR and BP at rest, and changes in HR and BP as a result of GE and IHE were significantly decreased after ETS (p<0.05).
K Takaishi, E Tabo, K Nakanishi, M Soutani, K Tsuno, T Arai:
Cardiovascular effects of bilateral endoscopic transthoracic sympathicotomy at rest and during exercise in patients with palmar hyperhidrosis.
International Anesthesia Research Society
The 74th Clinical and Scientific Congress 2000