Park SJ, Jee DL.
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea. email@example.com
Thoracoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (TTS) is usually a safe and uncomplicated procedure for treating essential palmar hyperhidrosis. However, we report a case of cardiovascular collapse that developed in a healthy patient undergoing TTS. The surgeon performed the left sympathectomy without incident. However, scarcely had an incision been made in the skin of the right chest when the patient developed sinus bradycardia and sudden, severe hypotension. Pulseless ventricular tachycardia occurred immediately thereafter, which rapidly progressed to ventricular fibrillation and cardiovascular collapse. The patient required resuscitation with 200 J of direct current shock defibrillation along with an intravenous injection of epinephrine 1 mg. She recovered without sequelae. We believe the Bezold-Jarisch reflex was triggered by pooling of venous blood and surgical stimuli, and the patient developed cardiovascular collapse as a result.